• EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES

    Following is a list of skills expected at a specific age range, as well as what my family can do to promote theses skills.  Information obtained from the Early Childhood Development Wheel from Help Me Grow MN.org :

    3 MONTHS

    • CHILD
      • Follows movement by turning head
      • Lifts head and chest whey lying on stomach
      • Moves arms and legs easily
      • Startles at loud noises
      • Cries, smiles, coos
      • Quiets to familiar voice or touch
    • FAMILY
      • Provide interesting things to look at
      • Talk, sing, and read to baby
      • Put baby to sleep on their back
      • Cuddle baby and touch baby gently
      • Respond to baby’s cries and coos
      • Hold baby when feeding

     

    6 MONTHS

    • CHILD
      • Rolls over in both directions
      • Begins to sit with a little help
      • Coos, babbles, squeals, laughs
      • Knows familiar faces and begins to know if someone is a stranger
      • Uses hands and mouth to explore the world
      • Transfers objects from hand to hand
    • FAMILY
      • Look at and read books with baby
      • Introduce liquids in a cup
      • Talk to and play with baby
      • Be predictable and consistent with baby
      • Watch and learn what baby wants and needs
      • Place toys near so baby can move and reach for them

     

    9 MONTHS

    • CHILD
      • Sits well without support
      • Creeps or crawls
      • Holds 2 objects at the same time
      • Responds to own name
      • Makes sounds like “dada”, “mama”, “baba”
      • Shows feelings by smiling, crying, pointing
    • FAMILY
      • Play games, sing songs and say rhymes with baby
      • Be available, responsive, and gentle with baby
      • Talk to baby about what you and baby are seeing or doing
      • Give baby a safe place to move around
      • Read books with baby
      • Name feelings like happy, mad, sad

     

    12 MONTHS

    • CHILD
      • Pulls to stand, walks holding onto furniture
      • Uses simple gestures, like shaking head “no” or waving “bye-bye”
      • Says “mama” and “dada”
      • Shows preference for certain people and toys
      • Imitates gestures, sounds and actions
      • Puts objects in and out of containers
    • FAMILY
      • Include toddler at family meals
      • Plays, read, sing, and talk to toddler
      • Let toddler turn pages when looking at a book together
      • Help toddler learn limits by saying “no” in a firm quiet voice and by providing choices
      • Use words to tell toddler “what comes next”
      • Develop and maintain consistent routines

     

    18 MONTHS

    • CHILD
      • Walks alone; begins to run
      • Says 3 or more single words
      • Tries new things with familiar adults nearby
      • Points to one body part
      • Scribbles with a crayon or pencil
      • Shows interest in other children
    • FAMILY
      • Provide toys without small pieces
      • Hold toddler and read simple stories
      • Set limits that are firm, fair, and consistent
      • Encourage curiosity
      • Play games and sing songs with movements that toddler can imitate

     

    2 YEARS

    • CHILD
      • Kicks a ball forward
      • Walks up and down stairs holding on
      • Points to things or pictures in a book when named
      • Uses 2 or 3 words together
      • Plays briefly beside other children
      • Builds towers of 4 or more blocks
    • FAMILY
      • Talk to toddler about things you and they are doing and seeing
      • Be calm and comforting after temper outbursts
      • Be consistent with what toddler can and cannot do
      • Talk to toddler and use words for feelings
      • Encourage and praise toddler
      • Tell stories, read and encourage pretend play

     

    3 YEARS

    • CHILD
      • Climbs and runs well
      • Builds with blocks; a tower of 6 blocks
      • Uses 3 word sentences
      • Shows concern and affection for others
      • Plays make-believe with dolls, animals, and people
      • Does puzzles with 3 to 4 pieces
    • FAMILY
      • Let child help with simple household chores
      • Help child include others in playing, sharing, and taking turns
      • Support child to develop trust in other consistent adults
      • Listen to and encourage child to use many words and longer sentences
      • Share new stories, songs, games, and play materials
      • Support appropriate expression of feelings

     

    4 YEARS

    • CHILD
      • Catches a bounced ball most of the time
      • Tells stories and recalls parts of stories
      • Plays cooperatively with other children
      • Copies simple shapes
      • Understands the concept of “same” and “different”
      • Follows instruction with 2 or 3 steps
    • FAMILY
      • Give child crayons, markers, and a variety of play materials
      • Read with child every day
      • Pay attention when child is talking
      • Give child opportunities to play with other children
      • Say positive things to child
      • Urge child to use words to ask for help

     

    5 YEARS

    • CHILD
      • Hops; may be able to skip
      • Speaks clearly in sentences of 5 or more words
      • Counts 10 or more objects
      • Draws a person with at least 6 body parts
      • Wants to please friends and wants to be like friends
    • FAMILY
      • Read, Read, Read to child
      • Catch child being good and encourage all the things they do
      • Point out familiar symbols and words for child to know
      • Gently and consistently help child manage feelings and control behavior
      • Be patient and responsive to questions
      • Provide opportunities for physical play